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On Russia’s initiative, an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council will be held on 18 February. The Kremlin refers to the fifth anniversary of the Second Minsk Agreements and UN Security Council Resolution 2202. However, it is clear to everyone that Moscow simply creates an information veil before the meeting of the UN General Assembly to be held on February 20, where the main topic will be the military aggression of Russia against Ukraine.
Russia plans to use the international platform of the UN to promote Putin’s narratives, as there has been no progress in resolving the conflict in eastern Ukraine for six years. Moreover, the Kremlin has repeatedly demonstrated reluctance to establish peace in Donbas. But Russia is not accustomed to twisting the facts – this can be clearly seen against the backdrop of unprecedented activation of the Kremlin on the eve of the 75th anniversary of the end of World War II.
But in its information urges, Moscow often contradicts itself, a striking example of which was the dissenting opinion of Konstantin Aranovsky, judge of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, who called the Soviet Union “an illegally created state” and stated that Russia should not be considered the successor of “repressive-terrorist acts”, since it was created “instead of and against” it. “The Russian Federation is not continuing in its own right, but is replacing on its territory the once unlawfully created state, which obliges it to reckon with the consequences of its activities, including political repression”, he said.
The Kremlin is skeptical about making any changes to the Minsk agreements. This is due to the fact that Putin managed to squeeze into the first and second agreements quite comfortable for himself. Therefore, any talk or preconditions for changing them, especially on the part of Ukraine, are perceived by Moscow as bayonets. This position is well reflected in numerous statements by Russian officials and the Russian media, who tirelessly argue that changing the text of the agreements or the procedure for their implementation can complicate the situation in Donbas and only harm Ukraine.
Moscow insists that the special status of Donbas is a decisive condition for the settlement of the conflict, while Kiev has not presented the concepts of the relevant legislation and the time frame for its adoption. The Kremlin’s logic of the scheme of returning Donbas is that Ukraine’s sovereignty over uncontrolled territories is restored only after these territories have received their power elected under Ukrainian laws and the special status enshrined in the Constitution of Ukraine, which, among other things, would give them the right to have their own militia units, prosecutor’s offices and courts. But it is really necessary to elect the power according to the laws of Ukraine and not at gunpoint of Russian soldiers, and they can not have their own armed formations and judicial power separate territories.
The main stumbling block in the current version is holding elections before Ukraine gains control over the occupied territories.
Ukraine insists that the implementation of the political block of issues in the second Minsk agreements is possible only if the following points are fulfilled:
1.Disbandment of quasi-groups of “LDPR”, complete ceasefire.
2. ensuring effective monitoring of the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission throughout Ukraine.
3.Withdrawal of armed groups of foreign troops and military equipment from the territory of Ukraine.
4.4. Disengagement of forces and equipment along the entire line of contact.
5.5. Ensuring the work of the Central Electoral Commission of Ukraine.
6.Admission of political parties, media and foreign observers.
7.Establishment of control over a section of the Russian-Ukrainian border that is not under Ukrainian control.
8.Implementation of other items provided for by Ukrainian and international legislation and the Minsk agreements.
And in this Ukraine is fully supported by the world community. As recently as December 9, 2019 the UN General Assembly by a majority vote approved a resolution condemning Russia’s occupation of the Crimea and demanding the withdrawal of Russian troops from the peninsula. According to its provisions, Russia, as the occupying party, is recognized as the violator of the national sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. The document stresses “the continuing destabilization of the situation in the Crimea due to the supply of weapons, weapons and ammunition systems by the Russian Federation”. The resolution calls on the Russian Federation “to withdraw all its armed forces from the territory of the Crimean peninsula and immediately stop the temporary occupation” of this territory. This resolution almost fully coincides with the previous document adopted by the UN General Assembly in late 2018. However, there has been no progress in implementing such resolutions for six years.
We wait and hope that the UN Security Council, as the body that bears the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, will remain true to its principles.